Jake and Dinos Chapman are artists who have worked as a collaborative team since graduating from The Royal College of Art in 1990. They first received critical acclaim for a diorama sculpture enacting scenes from Goya's Disasters of War etchings in 1991, focusing on themes of beauty and perversity, humour and horror. For their solo exhibition at the ICA in London in 1996, they used life-size mannequins to explore ideas of innocence and to challenge moral boundaries. This included the mutant child mannequins for which the artists have become renowned. Arguably their most provocative and ambitious work is a sculpture entitled 'Hell', an epic table-top tableau, in the shape of a swastika, peopled with over 30,000, two-inch-high male figures, many dressed in Nazi uniform. The Chapman's were nominated for the Turner Prize in 2003, exhibiting 'Insult to Injury', and new works 'Sex' and 'Death'. In 2004, a warehouse fire destroyed many of the Chapman Brothers' works, including 'Hell', which the pair intend to re-make. The Chapman brothers have exhibited extensively including solo exhibitions at The Gagosian Gallery, New York (1997) and White Cube, London (1999, 2002, 2005, 2008). Group exhibitions have included the touring exhibition Sensation (1997-1999) and Apocalypse, The Royal Academy of Arts, London (2000).