Luis Buñuel was an internationally acclaimed filmmaker, born in Calanda, Spain, in 1900. Buñuel studied at the University of Madrid from 1917, where he met Salvador Dalí, with whom he would collaborate on perhaps his most famous film, Un Chien Andalou, 1929 (An Andalusian Dog). In his lifetime he was awarded the Career Golden Lion at the 1982 Venice Film Festival; the FIPRESCI Prize - Honorable Mention at the 1969 Berlin Film Festival; and the National Prize for Arts and Sciences for Fine Arts 1977.
Buñuel was famous for his surreal imagery and narrative structure, as first put forward in Un Chien Andalou, 1929, whose famous scenes such as that of the eye being cut, has influenced countless artists, from the Surrealists to those working today. Other early influential films include L'Âge d'Or, 1930 (The Golden Age), based on the Marquis de Sade's '120 days of Sodom'.
After the early works, Buñuel's later French period from the 1960-70's produced his other most famous and significant works: Diary of a Chambermaid, 1964; Belle de Jour, 1967, which was awarded the 1967 Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival; Tristana, 1970; The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, 1972; The Phantom of Liberty, 1974; and That Obscure Object of Desire, 1977.