Caroline Evans studied art history at University of Sussex and taught at a number of London art schools, including Middlesex, Goldsmiths and the RCA, before joining Central Saint Martins as a cultural studies lecturer in 1994: she is now a professor there. She has been instrumental in developing the discipline of fashion history and theory, publishing a number of books and scholarly articles in the field. She has lectured widely at international design schools and universities, including Università Iuav di Venezia, Chicago University, Art Institute of Chicago, Parsons the New School for Design, FIT New York, National School of Art and Design Oslo, Theatre Academy of Russia, and was a Visiting Professor in the Centre for Fashion Studies at Stockholm University (2010-17).
Evans has also worked as specialist consultant on fashion exhibitions at international museums, including the Victoria & Albert Museum, Musée Galliéra de la Mode de la Ville de Paris, Museum of London, and Musée de la Civilization in Québec, and sits on the editorial boards of several journals including Fashion Theory, Vestoj, Film, Fashion and Consumption and the International Journal of Fashion Studies. She was awarded a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship 2007-2010.